Using Publish Subscribe approach one can develop a real time web application which requires a lot of data change to be displayed on a webpage. This PubSub approach using the Comet Server is much better and faster then the thousands of Ajax XHR requests made to the server. Here is a two step description:
Step one: Install and Configure Comet Server: I would like to take cometd, the ajax push engine which Bayeux protocol, the cometd engine requires a Servlet container like tomcat or jetty. The Jetty has a distribution which helps in quick setup of cometd server here is a download link(http://dist.codehaus.org/jetty/). Download the latest Jetty distribution and ensure that you have a compatible JDK installed on the machine and also ensure that you have maven (http://maven.apache.org/download.html) then extract the distribution and go to the folder contrib/cometd/demo and issue a command mvn jetty:run or <pathtomvn.exe>/mvn jetty:run… this will do some downloading ans installing and finally the server will startup and will show you at the command prompt which port it is running. Go to a web browser and type localhost:<port> and it should display comet logo along with some demo examples.let us assume that our server is running at 8282.
Step2: Client Side PubSub Code: Dojo provides some functions to use the publish/subscribe methods to transfer data from and to the server, following is the description of some important functions:
dojox.cometd.init(“http://localhost:8282/cometd”); — this step configures and performs a handshake with the comet server which in our case is running at port 8282.
dojox.cometd.unsubscribe(“/apillevel/ch01”); — it just unlinks the listener function named func1() in our case.
All tough this all works fine there are many bogs like this (http://armstrongonsoftware.blogspot.com/2009/12/comet-is-dead-long-live-websockets.html) saying HTML5 Websockets is the end to comet! yes i also think to some extent it is true… why not as a developer i would like to open a long lived socket connection from a browser to the server directly and put/get messages continuously direct from the server. This last line was not meant to discourage…
enjoy cometting till stable websockets arrive!